The use of antiparasitic agents prevents inflammation of the skin, mucous membranes, injuries, eyes, lungs and other organs in livestock.
In the countryside, it is very important to properly care for the animals so that they stay strong, healthy and productive. Therefore, it is important to apply in the livestock remedies for parasites. Learn more about it in our article.
Which parasitic diseases does the cattle suffer?
Diseases produced by parasites can be grouped into two broad groups: inner (endoparasites) and outer (ectoparasites).
The outer ones include diseases caused by blood-sucking parasites, such as tsetse flies, blackflies, calf pines, fleas, lice, brakes or mosquitoes.
Those who lay their eggs in the wounds and thereby produce myiasis (flies disease) are the most feared in rural areas, as the skin, mucous membranes and wounds ignite when the insects lay their eggs there and the larvae hatch.
Ticks and mange mites are also organisms that should be handled with great care.
Among the most common parasites in cattle are gastrointestinal roundworms, among which are the following: Bunostomum, Cooperia, Haemonchus, Toxocaran vitulorum and Trichuris.
Some of the nematodes infest the lungs, skin, eyes and other organs of the animals. Suckling worms and tapeworms are other endoparasites that infest cows, cattle, buffalo and bison.
Means against parasites for livestock: external use
There are several remedies for parasites that are applied externally to the skin. These include the following:
These anti-parasitic agents are usually used against ticks, lice and brakes.
They also help to cure or prevent the flyfly disease and to prevent the spread of insects in wounds. The sprays are easy to use and do not cause stress in the animal.
The animals can either be dipped or sprayed. In a bath, the cattle are immersed in large “swimming pools” containing water with the diluted remedy for parasites.
The disadvantage of this method is that it causes the animals a lot of stress. If they drink water, it can also lead to symptoms of intoxication, or they can bump against each other and even break bones.
In the spray bath, you need a special system, in which water with the remedy is directed against parasites. Then it sprays the animals from above. The problem here is that only the backs of the animals are moistened, while the lower body parts remain dry.
- ear markings
The ear tags are not only for identification, but are also another way of using anti-parasite agents for livestock. They are mainly used against mosquitoes and hornflies and they are effective for about 90 days.
Another method of applying anti-parasite agents is to hang bags containing the drug in powder form on the stall door. Each time the animals leave their stable, they get in contact with the remedy.
Means against parasites for livestock: internal use
This happens when one animal has become infected and has to be separated from the others. Sometimes one also uses preventive measures against parasites to avoid an outbreak.
- Capsules for ruminants
These anti-parasitic agents work for a long time as the drug is released slowly. The animal is orally administered a capsule, which then acts by itself.
- Liquid remedies for parasites for ruminants
This is done using a needle that penetrates the skin, peritoneum and rumen. There then the agent is injected. Since it is a bloody method, it is no longer used in animals under 200 kg. Nowadays, sprayable remedies are used against parasites, which are easier to control.
- Premixed agents
Mix the drug under the food and the animal will receive at least one dose. The problem here is that you can not say exactly how much of each individual animal has eaten.
In addition, one must also know that remedies for parasites in livestock are prescribed by a special veterinarian, who gives precise instructions regarding the application.