Campylobacter infection is usually cured at the latest after 10 days of treatment, but children and the elderly are more affected by these diseases.
There are many diseases that can be transmitted by our pets, so we need to be well informed. In our article, we’ll tell you more about the infection by Campylobacter, a bacterium that is present in dogs and can cause diarrhea amongst others.
What do you need to know about Campylobacter infection?
One of the major causes of diarrhea is Campylobacter infection, one of the most common foodborne illnesses. Millions of people are affected each year, especially babies, adolescents and young adults living in unhygienic conditions.
The genus Campylobacter consists of various bacteria (such as Jejuni, Coli and fetus), which are common in farm animals and domestic animals.
These elongated microorganisms need little oxygen to survive and do not move on their own. They settle in the intestines and are excreted in the feces.
Contagion results from ingesting water or foods that are soiled by the bacteria. You can also be infected if you come in contact with the remains of an infected person, such as a mother who wraps her baby.
What are the symptoms of Campylobacter infection?
The main symptoms begin about 2 days after the bacterium has invaded the organism. The diseases produced by them can be divided into two groups:
- intestinal diseases
Two bacterial species cause it: Campylobacter Coli and Jejuni. You can heal them within 10 days. The most common symptom is diarrhea. It can also cause intestinal inflammation, fever, abdominal pain, headache, nausea, vomiting and general malaise.
- Extraintestinal diseases
These are mainly caused by the Campylobacter Fetus bacteria. They are rare but more serious. They affect the heart and blood vessels and can cause inflammation of the heart lining and pericarditis.
These bacteria can also cause a neurological disorder called Guillain-Barré syndrome, urinary tract infections, pancreatitis, and arthritis.
Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of Campylobacter infection
If you identify some of the symptoms mentioned above, and you are aware that you have been in contact with a pet or pet – especially your feces – then you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Some doctors prescribe a blood analysis to determine if there is any change in the white blood cells or the pH of the blood. You can also have a stool sample or a blood culture done.
If there is a diagnosis of Campylobacter infection, the doctor must prescribe treatment. Since dehydration causes fluid deficiencies, it is important to consume isotonic drinks to restore lost water and electrolytes to the body.
For the first four days, it is not recommended to eat solid foods. Then you should consume astringent food in small quantities: potatoes, rusks, rice, grilled chicken or fish.
In severe cases, treatment with antibiotics or antimicrobial drugs may be prescribed.
The prognosis is good for most patients and they recover within 10 days. It should be remembered, however, that children under the age of two, old and immunocompromised people are at risk.
Can one prevent an infection when keeping pets? Of course it works. Hygiene is fundamental, so you should wash your hands after playing with the dog or removing its fecal matter.
You must also disinfect all utensils that may have come into contact with the animal’s faeces, wash our food thoroughly, drink no water from rivers on holiday and avoid consuming unpasteurised dairy products.