This disease is not contagious: it can not be transmitted to other dogs or to humans.
Demodicosis is a parasitic skin condition that causes hair loss, inflammation of the skin and itching. If your dog suffers from it, timely treatment is very important!
This disease is not contagious: it can not be transmitted to other dogs or to humans. Demodicosis only develops in the most vulnerable dogs.
Causes that can lead to demodicosis
Demodex mites feel particularly good in hairy mammals and spread very quickly. When these parasites get out of hand, hair loss and dermatitis can be the result.
Demodex mites are particularly found on the hair follicles and sebaceous and apocrine sweat glands of the dog.
But why do some Demodex mites develop a disease in some dogs? If the immune system of the quadruped is weakened, these parasites can spread uncontrollably.
However, it is usually a hereditary disease, therefore it is recommended to prevent the affected animals from reproducing.
Among the main triggers is stress, so you should watch carefully if the disease occurs due to stress, for example, by changing living conditions of the dog (move, new family member, loss …).
The diagnosis is very simple for a veterinarian. The symptoms of this skin disease are easy to spot, but a deep skin scraping exam can easily confirm the disease.
Demodicosis causes hair loss, dermatitis and, in more serious cases, skin lesions in dogs. Often, stress or genetic factors are responsible.
Which symptoms occur in a demodicosis?
- Localized demodicosis: Affected dogs usually show isolated hairless or hairless areas, often on the head (often around the eyes) and on the neck. Puppies and young dogs often suffer from this type of demodicosis, usually, the illness disappears when the animals’ immune system develops. Experts believe that localized demodicosis is not hereditary.
- Generalized demodicosis: In this case, skin changes are visible all over the body. The course of the disease depends on the severity of immune disorders. It comes to a focal or diffuse hair loss, the head area is usually particularly affected. The skin is oily and the dog’s smell intense. In addition, there are papules and pustules that can bleed. Some dogs with generalized demodicosis also suffer from fever, loss of appetite and depression. This type of demodicosis is usually genetically predisposed.
- Pododemodikose: This disease manifests itself exclusively in the area of the paws. This leads to secondary injuries, which are usually difficult to cure. Swelling, pain and itching may occur on the paws. Certain dog breeds are particularly predisposed to this type of demodicosis.
Treatment of demodicosis in dogs
If you are worried that your dog is suffering from this skin disease, you should have it checked by a veterinarian as soon as possible. The medical treatment is done by eliminating the causative mites and controlling the secondary infections.
First, the hair is removed at the affected areas. If there are any injuries, they will be treated accordingly. Normally, antibiotics are given.
The vet usually prescribes Amitraz for external therapy, which is found in Germany under the name Extodex® in order to kill the mites. After a while, a new skin sample is analyzed to see if the number of Demodex mites has decreased.
In order to avoid a relapse, it is very important to find out the exact causes. If the disease is due to stress or a weakened immune system, the dog can be treated accordingly.
However, if the animal is genetically predisposed, the disease will recur sooner or later.
Tips for prevention against demodicosis
To minimize the risk, you can put the following preventive measures into practice:
Regular deworming, external protection and parasite removal are essential. Get advice from your veterinarian and do not forget to follow the vaccination schedule.
- High-quality nutrition, which must be adapted to race, height, age and other factors, is also important.
- It is recommended to sterilize both males and females. So you can prevent stress during the heat of the animals.
Do not forget that dogs with genetically modified demodicosis should not reproduce! Also, avoid the administration of corticosteroids teroids and other medicines that pollute the immune system.