The tick-borne borreliosis can affect your pet. Learn how to avoid and treat this disease.
Lyme disease is a disease that can easily be prevented. It is transmitted by ticks, so you should protect your pet from these pests.
How does your pet become infected with Lyme disease?
The Borrelia burgdorferi contains 11 genotypes of spirochetes that infect mammals and birds and are transmitted by ticks. This zoonosis poses a risk not only to dogs but also to humans, which is why it is of great importance to public health.
The ticks get infected by feeding on animal
Reservoir hosts and spread these through their salivary glands. The distribution of Lyme disease coincides with that of the transmitter and there are few indications to control this transmission.
Symptoms and diagnosis of Lyme disease
Normally, in only 95% of the cases does this disease manifest to dogs and, moreover, its symptoms are not clearly defined. Symptoms have been described in joints or even in the kidneys, but these do not occur.
Therefore, it is especially important to use diagnostic methods. Direct diagnosis by PCR, cytology or culture can be expensive and difficult. Therefore, the veterinarians usually opt for a blood analysis.
Positive results indicate that the animal was or is exposed to the bacteria. It does not have to be an acute infection. Therefore, it is recommended that more complex laboratory tests be performed to determine the disease.
When a tick-borne disease is suspected, the animal is often treated intramuscularly with babesiosis by imidocarb while awaiting the results of the analysis for Lyme disease.
Treatment and prevention of Lyme disease
At least one month’s treatment with antibiotics, such as doxycycline, is very effective against Lyme disease caused by Lyme disease, although the infection may not always be treated successfully.
There is no kine vaccine for prevention because there are several strains of Borrelia and many vaccines do not protect against all. Therefore, they have focused on the tick control as a preventive measure.
Dogs and cats are not considered as reservoir hosts for Lyme disease. However, ticks can also infect humans. Therefore, you must be careful when removing them from your pet. You have to make sure that the parasite is dead and eliminate it.
In this way, you ensure that ticks do not act as vectors against the human species. Therefore, it is important to control ticks in pets to reduce the risk of Lyme disease for humans.
It is also important to mention that some dogs are more susceptible to Lyme disease than others. In particular, hounds or outdoor dogs are more vulnerable to ticks.
In these animals, it is particularly important to avoid ticks by various methods and products on the market, such as pipettes or collars.