If your dog has been diagnosed with gingivitis, you should know that it is a common oral disease in pets. In essence, it is an inflammatory process that greatly influences the daily life of your best friend.
Gingivitis is one of the most common oral diseases in pets. It is a progressive inflammatory process that affects the gums and can spread to the bone tissue. The treatment of gingivitis in pets can be costly.
In the following section you will learn about the symptoms, treatment of gingivitis in pets and about prevention.
How does gingivitis develop in pets?
Most oral diseases are caused by the formation of bacterial deposits and gingivitis is no exception. Basically, the inflammatory process begins when the tartar on the teeth of the animal is not controlled in time.
But let’s take a closer look at the development of gingivitis in pets to understand symptoms and treatment.
In the mouth of pets already live naturally many different types of bacteria. If you do not care for your pet’s teeth, you allow food to accumulate between your teeth and gums.
These organic residues are used as food for bacteria that already live in the mouth of the animal, which allows rapid and excessive reproduction.
Thus, there is an overpopulation of bacteria in the mouth of the animal, which leads to an accumulation in the form of plaque. Bacterial plaque adheres to the tooth and forms tartar along with enamel and saliva.
After the tartar adheres to the tooth, the bacteria continue to multiply and penetrate the gums if the tartar is not removed in time.
At this point, the gums are inflamed, the so-called gingivitis has developed.
Symptoms of gingivitis in pets
Gingivitis usually develops in breastfeeding and progresses. The first symptoms are difficult to diagnose in pets with the naked eye.
It is therefore essential to check the pet’s mouth regularly to detect changes in time.
The first obvious sign of gingivitis is usually a thin red line between teeth and gums. The gums are also often red and thickened. In more advanced stages, abscesses and bleeding may occur.
Gingivitis can also lead to more complex symptoms, especially if not properly treated. Other common symptoms of gingivitis in pets are:
- Bad breath (bad breath)
- Difficulty chewing
- Excessive salivation
- Frequent scratching in the mouth area
- Gingival hyperplasia (proliferating gums)
- The animal is reluctant to touch the mouth and reacts negatively to experiments.
- Behavioral changes caused by the inflammation that are generally associated with the pain.
If the gingivitis is not treated in time, the bacteria continue to multiply and can invade the muscle and bone tissue that holds the teeth.
This can lead to a complex condition called periodontal disease or periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss.
Treatment of gingivitis in pets
If you observe a change in your pet’s mouth, you should go with him to the vet.
There, the skilled person can examine the mouth of the animal and carry out the necessary tests to check his health and the progress of the bacteria in his organism.
The treatment of gingivitis in pets depends mainly on the stage of the disease. Since it is a bacterial disease, the use of antibiotics is usually essential.
In less advanced disease, antibiotics are usually used topically to inhibit the inflammatory process and kill bacteria.
In more advanced cases, antibiotics are administered orally or intravenously. The goal is to stem the increase of bacteria in the body.
In addition, the veterinarian may also prescribe painkillers to relieve pain and thereby improve the animal’s quality of life during the treatment.
Subsequent surgery can also remove the tartar from the teeth, preventing recurrence of gingivitis. The feasibility of this treatment, however, depends on the health of the animal.
Once the bacteria reach the bone tissue, the veterinarian must examine if the structure of the teeth is damaged. If an advanced deterioration has been detected, the tooth may need to be pulled.